Developer guide

This document is the entry point for developers who wish to work on Etn-sc. Developers are people who are interested to build, develop, debug, submit a bug report or pull request or otherwise contribute to the Etn-sc source code.

Please see Contributing for the Etn-sc contribution guidelines.

Building and Testing

Developers should use a recent version of Go for building and testing. We use the go toolchain for development, which you can get from the Go downloads page. Etn-sc is a Go module, and uses the Go modules system to manage dependencies. Using GOPATH is not required to build electroneum-sc.

Building Executables

Switch to the electroneum-sc repository root directory. All code can be built using the go tool, placing the resulting binary in $GOPATH/bin.

go install -v ./...

electroneum-sc executables can be built individually. To build just etn-sc, use:

go install -v ./cmd/etn-sc

Cross compilation is not recommended, please build Etn-sc for the host architecture.


Testing a package:

go test -v ./eth

Running an individual test:

go test -v ./eth -run TestMethod

Note: here all tests with prefix TestMethod will be run, so if TestMethod and TestMethod1 both exist then both tests will run.

Running benchmarks, eg.:

go test -v -bench . -run BenchmarkJoin

For more information, see the go test flags documentation.

Getting Stack Traces

A stack trace provides a very detailed look into the current state of the etn-sc node. It helps us to debug issues easier as it contains information about what is currently done by the node. Stack traces can be created by running debug.stacks() in the Etn-sc console. If the node was started without the console command or with a script in the background, the following command can be used to dump the stack trace into a file.

etn-sc attach <path-to-etn-sc.ipc> --exec "debug.stacks()" > stacktrace.txt

Etn-sc logs the location of the IPC endpoint on startup. It is typically under /home/user/.electroneum-sc/etn-sc.ipc or /tmp/etn-sc.ipc.

debug.stacks() also takes an optional filter argument. Passing a package name or filepath to filter restricts the output to stack traces involving only that package/file. For example:


returns data that looks like:

INFO [11-04|16:15:54.486] Expanded filter expression               filter=enode   expanded="`enode` in Value"
goroutine 121 [chan receive, 3 minutes]:*FairMix).nextFromAny(...)*FairMix).Next(0xc0008c6060) +0x2c5*dialScheduler).readNodes(0xc00021c2c0, {0x18149b0, 0xc0008c6060}) +0x9f
created by +0x425



returns data that looks like:

INFO [11-04|16:16:47.141] Expanded filter expression               filter=consolecmd.go expanded="`consolecmd.go` in Value"
goroutine 1 [chan receive]:*JSRE).Do(0xc0004223c0, 0xc0003c00f0) +0xf4*JSRE).Evaluate(0xc00033eb60?, {0xc0013c00a0, 0x1e}, {0x180d720?, 0xc000010018}) +0xb3*Console).Evaluate(0xc0005366e0, {0xc0013c00a0?, 0x0?}) +0x6d*Console).Interactive(0xc0005366e0) +0x691
main.localConsole(0xc00026d580?) +0x348 +0x36*Command).Run(0x20b52c0, 0xc000313540) +0x719*App).RunContext(0xc0005501c0, {0x1816128?, 0xc000040110}, {0xc00003c180, 0x3, 0x3}) +0x1035*App).Run(...)
main.main() +0x47

goroutine 159 [chan receive, 4 minutes]:*Node).Wait(...)
main.localConsole.func1() +0x2d
created by main.localConsole +0x32e

If Etn-sc is started with the --pprof option, a debugging HTTP server is made available on port 6060. Navigating to http://localhost:6060/debug/pprof displays the heap, running routines etc. By clicking "full goroutine stack dump" a trace can be generated that is useful for debugging.

Note that if multiple instances of Etn-sc exist, port 6060 will only work for the first instance that was launched. To generate stacktraces for other instances, they should be started up with alternative pprof ports. Ensure stderr is being redirected to a logfile.

etn-sc -port=30300 -verbosity 5 --pprof --pprof.port 6060 2>> /tmp/00.glog
etn-sc -port=30301 -verbosity 5 --pprof --pprof.port 6061 2>> /tmp/01.glog
etn-sc -port=30302 -verbosity 5 --pprof --pprof.port 6062 2>> /tmp/02.glog

Alternatively to kill the clients (in case they hang or stalled syncing, etc) and have the stacktrace too, use the -QUIT signal with kill:

killall -QUIT etn-sc

This will dump stack traces for each instance to their respective log file.

Where to go next

Read the remaining pages in the Etn-sc developer section, and get building!

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